How to Publish

Find all information on how to submit and publish your paper.

Dedicated to serving the information needs of the scientific community our journals encompass almost the entire medical spectrum. We are driven by a spirit of innovation while still remaining true to tradition. This means dedication to maintaining the highest standards of quality, flexibility and personalized service.

All our journals are peer reviewed by qualified experts in the field. Get an overview about our program with the Journal Index or the Subject Guide.

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General Information

Calls for Papers

See the latest calls for papers from our extensive journal range.

Case Reports

Publish your case report in our Open Access journals.

Peer Review Process

What is peer review and how does it work? Learn more about peer review.

Online Submission

All our journals offer online submission: the respective links and instructions can be found on the appropriate journal's homepage.

Publish Open Access

Open Access allows everyone, everywhere to read articles, which provides benefits for all communities - including the potential for increased citations and recognition of authors’ work.

Technical Instructions for the Preparation of Manuscripts

Every journal homepage contains a 'Guidelines for Authors' section with detailed requirements to be followed when preparing your manuscript.

Follow the general technical instructions for preparation of manuscripts and figures.


The preferred word-processing program is MS-Word. Other commonly used text programs are also accepted.


Please mark revisions in your manuscript in response to reviewer's or editor's comments clearly. When submitting the revised version, please also enclose a point-to-point reply to the reviewers' comments (page, line, paragraph, etc.) explaining how you have dealt with the comments.

Copy Editing

All manuscripts accepted for publication by Karger Publishers are subject to copy editing. The publisher reserves the right to edit the manuscript and decide on the layout. Changes introduced by the copy editor and / or questions will be marked in the manuscript so please be sure to check the proofs against the manuscript. The copy edited manuscript will be available with the proofs.

Text Formatting

In addition to the individual journal's 'Guidelines for Authors', the following basic rules should be observed:
  • Do not use any special page layout.
  • Submit your text, tables, and illustrations as separate files.
  • Your text should be entered continuously flush left. Do not use hard returns ('enter') within a paragraph. Use a hard return only to mark the end of a paragraph.
  • Do not justify text.
  • Do not use header and footer functions.
  • Do not split words at the end of a line.
  • Do not indent text anywhere in your manuscript or in the references.
  • Use the automatic line numbering and page numbering functions.
  • Headings should be aligned flush left. Do not center them, space them or write them in uppercase letters.
  • Headings of the same ranking should appear uniformly throughout the text.
  • Use italics as well as sub- and superscript letters/numbers where appropriate. (Do not use superscript numbers for references.)
  • Use uppercase letters only for abbreviations. Do not space individual words for emphasis.
  • Make a distinction between hyphens and dashes as follows:
      hyphen: e.g. high-resolution screen
      dash: e.g. 2011–2013, the incident – as responses showed – was perceived...
      minus sign: e.g. at a temperature of -75°C
  • Use your word-processing program to insert Greek letters, mathematical symbols, etc.


  • Must be prepared in WORD
  • PDF or EXCEL files are not accepted
  • Must be prepared as separate files; do not integrate tables in the main text
  • Components: heading, head and body and, if necessary, footnotes; use a line to separate these parts see examples:
      Example 1 (DOC, 15KB)
      Example 2 (DOC, 23KB)
      Example 3 (DOC, 14KB)
  • Do not use spaces; use the tabulator


  • Submit original data, especially for line art, if possible.
  • Please submit your images in one of the following formats:
    • pixel file: psd, tif, jpg, png, bmp, pdf
    • vector file: eps, ai, ppt, pdf
  • Must be prepared as separate files; do not integrate figures in the manuscript (WORD file).
  • Do not use WORD files for halftone images.
  • Maximum file size: 25 MB.
  • Authors wishing to provide LaTEX files are to contact the Editorial Office prior to submission.


The illustrations in the published work will correspond to the quality of the figures provided.

Depiction of Humans in Images

  • The inclusion of an image of a person must comply with our Ethics guidelines as described in the Editorial and Journal policies, please see the journal guidelines for more information.
  • It is the author’s responsibility to obtain written informed consent to publish the image from the individual(s) or their guardian/next of kin. In the manuscript, authors must include a statement detailing that consent for publication was obtained and from whom. This should be included after the main body of the text, but before the reference list.

Reproduction of Third-Party Images/Materials

  • It is the responsibility of the authors to ensure that third-party material reproduced in their manuscript is compliant with any applicable copyright license.
  • It is the authors’ responsibility to obtain permission from the copyright holder to reuse the material(s), including the payment of any associated licensing fee.

Line Art

  • Definition: Black and white graphic with no shading.
  • Do not use faint lines and/or lettering and check that all lines and lettering within the figures are legible at final size.
  • Vector graphics containing fonts must have the fonts as editable text.
  • All lines should be at least 0.15 mm (0.4 pt) wide.

Example Line Art 1
Example Line Art 2

Halftone Images

  • If any magnification is used in the photographs, indicate this by using scale bars within the figures themselves.
  • The resolution of halftones should be as high as possible and in proportion to the size of the figure (usually a minimum resolution of 300 dpi after scaling is required).

Example Halftone Image 1
Example Halftone Image 2

Combination Halftones/Line Arts

  • The resolution of combined illustrations should be as high as possible and in proportion to the size of the figure (usually a minimum resolution of 600 dpi after scaling is required).
  • Combined illustrations with fonts must have the fonts as editable text.

Example Combination Simple
Example Combination Complex

Flowcharts, Forest Plots, and Combined Tables/Illustrations

  • Must be prepared as editable text.
  • Preferred formats: ai, WORD, ppt, pdf (no EXCEL).

Example Forest Plot
Example Flowchart Simple

Color Illustrations

  • Color illustrations should be submitted as RGB.

Figure Lettering

  • Use Arial or Segoe UI (sans serif fonts) if possible.
  • Use consistent sizing of lettering throughout the image (7–11 pt).
  • Variance of type size within an illustration should be minimal, e.g., do not use 7-pt type on an axis and 11-pt type for the axis label.
  • Avoid effects such as shading, outline letters, etc.
  • Do not include titles or captions within your illustrations.

Figure Numbering

  • Figure parts should be denoted by bold lowercase letters (a, b, c, etc.).

Figure Size

  • The figures should be between 57 and 180 mm wide and not higher than 223 mm at final size (after scaling).

Multimedia Files

Multimedia files should be in MPEG, AVI or QuickTime formats. Files should not exceed 10 MB in size.


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